Malaria Parasitaemia and Intensity among Voluntary Blood Donors in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Afam Chibuike Okafor
Chinyelu Angela Ekwunife
Pauline Ukamaka Umeanaeto
Kindness Chidi Irikannu

Abstract

Aim: To investigate malaria parasitaemia and intensity of infection in voluntary blood donors in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Study Design: The study was a cross sectional survey, cutting across communities, age, sex, occupational and educational groups. A total of 200 voluntary blood donors within the ages of 15 and 65 years, participated in the study.

Duration of Study: The study was conducted between March 2017 and June 2018 at the Department of Pathology, River State University Teaching Hospital, Port-Harcourt.

Methodology: Venous blood was collected from study participants. Thick and thin blood films were made, stained with 10% dilution of Giemsa and blood films examined using microscope.

Results: Of the 200 participants, 151 (75.5%) were males and 49 (24.5%) females. Blood specimens analysis revealed that 57 (28.5%) participants were malaria parasites positive. Among them, 36(63.2%) were males and 21(36.8%) were females. The highest malaria prevalence, 11(42.3%) was observed in Nkporlu community and the least 15(21.1%) in Port-Harcourt Township. Malaria prevalence was highest among the age group of 46-55 years 6(66.7%) and least among age 26-35 years 14(16.7%) which was statistically significant (P<0.05; P=0.000). Artisans and participants with primary education recorded highest prevalence of 6(100%) and 1(100.0%) respectively, while traders and those that attained secondary education had 9(18.8%) and 29(25.4%) respectively. There was a significant difference in malaria prevalence in relation to occupation (P<0.05, P = 0.001) but not with educational status (P > 0.05; P = 0.574). Malaria parasite intensities were mild 31(54.4%), moderate 24(42.1%) and heavy 2(3.5%), although not significant (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Malaria screening should be made compulsory for all prospective blood donors throughout the country, despite the challenges posed by testing capacity constraints.

Keywords:
Malaria, transfusion, blood donors, Port Harcourt

Article Details

How to Cite
Okafor, A. C., Ekwunife, C. A., Umeanaeto, P. U., & Irikannu, K. C. (2020). Malaria Parasitaemia and Intensity among Voluntary Blood Donors in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria. South Asian Journal of Parasitology, 4(4), 9-17. Retrieved from https://journalsajp.com/index.php/SAJP/article/view/30123
Section
Original Research Article

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