South Asian Journal of Parasitology 2020-07-08T13:37:35+00:00 South Asian Journal of Parasitology Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>South Asian Journal of Parasitology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/SAJP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;all areas of basic and applied parasitology.</p> Underlying Challenges in the Path of Malaria Elimination: From India Perspective 2020-07-08T13:37:35+00:00 Prabal Kumar Chourasia Anand Verma Prachi Pundir Nikhil Shukla Mehul Kumar Chourasia <p>India has shown its determination to achieve malaria elimination by 2030. However, several challenges, which might be potential roadblocks for malaria elimination goal. Among many, few are unreliability on existing reporting system; suitable surveillance methods; presence of asymptomatic parasitic carriers in the endemic population; and increasing insecticide resistance status among the malaria vectors. Nonetheless, stride towards malaria elimination is only achievable, if requisite emphasis would be given on the surveillance system, asymptomatic parasitic reservoirs and address of insecticide resistance status. Additionally, strengthening of the health infrastructure, adequate manpower at primary level and sustainable funding would also be required. The main objective of this paper is to highlight the existing major challenges in the path of Malaria Elimination in India by 2030.</p> 2020-07-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact of Population Services International (PSI) Insecticide-treated Net (ITNs) Distribution on Malaria Prevalence in Pregnancy: A Case of Kimilili-Bungoma Sub-County, Kenya 2020-06-24T11:54:40+00:00 Mukhwana Dennis Wafula <p>Insecticide-treated net (ITN) use is one of the most promising tools which have been shown to reduce the number of mosquito bites. Pregnant women and children less than five years have been specifically designated as high-risk groups, therefore need to be protected by effective personal protection. An intensive effort by Population Services International (PSI) to prevent malaria among vulnerable groups in Kenya by creating a mosquito ‘net culture’ was launched in 2002 sells highly subsidized nets. During the second half of the project (2004-2007) Population service international (PSI) increased its focus on the rural population. Despite these efforts, there is inadequate knowledge about the efficacy of net use in controlling malaria in the high-risk groups in the study area. This research determined the effects of PSI efforts in rural areas by assessing malaria prevalence among the pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at Kimilili Sub-county (Bungoma County, Kenya) Hospital. The study used cross-sectional descriptive survey design. It was conducted between April to October 2017 and November 2017 to March 2018 which correspond to during rainy season and dry seasons respectively. The study recruited a total of 320 pregnant women were involved in the study. This was done before the rolling out of the whole family net coverage in twenty-three endemic counties. The information obtained should act as baseline data in the study area for future assessment of the impact of nationwide mass net distribution by the ministry of public health and sanitation. A structured questionnaire was administered to determine net use and a sample of blood was taken by finger prick method to determine the peripheral malaria parasitemia. Some fewer net users were malaria positive as compared to non-users suggesting that net uses were more protected. The course of malaria infection was noted depend on age and parity. This study demonstrates that net use reduce malaria and it’s associated anaemia in pregnancy. Also, dry seasons should not be perceived as low transmission periods because the results revealed that there was still a very significant transmission. It was also concluded that the multigravidae had developed more immunity as compared to the primi- and secundigravidae. It was recommended that the focus for educational programs should shift from net re-treatment to augmenting adherence. Coverage of entire populations will be required to accomplish large reductions of malaria in endemic areas.</p> 2020-06-24T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##