South Asian Journal of Parasitology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>South Asian Journal of Parasitology</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/SAJP/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>)&nbsp;all areas of basic and applied parasitology.</p> en-US (South Asian Journal of Parasitology) (South Asian Journal of Parasitology) Mon, 11 Jan 2021 11:30:43 +0000 OJS 60 Search for Plasmodium Trophozoites in Volunteer Blood Donors at the Djougou Blood Transfusion Station <p><strong>Aims:</strong> Malaria is a real public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa; more than 300 million new cases and about two million deaths occur each year. Blood transfusion is a potential route of <em>Plasmodium </em>transmission, but there is still no consensus on measures to prevent post-transfusion malaria in endemic areas. In order to determine the prevalence rate of asymptomatic Plasmodium carriers among voluntary blood donors and to prove the risk of transfusion malaria.</p> <p><strong>Patients and Methods:</strong> we conducted a study from 29 March 2018 to 31 May 2018 in the laboratory of the Centre de Santé de la Commune (CSC) in Djougou, which houses a Blood Transfusion Station (BTS) and handled a total of 337 blood samples collected. Thick drop (TG), blood smear (FS) and microscopy were the methods used to enhance our results.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> At the end of the work, out of 337 cases studied, we obtained 58 positive cases of Plasmodium trophozoites, i.e. 17.21% and 279 negative cases, i.e. 82.79%. The positivity is higher in subjects with a body temperature between 36° C and 37.4°C, i.e. 56.89%, and therefore considered to be asymptomatic carriers.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Based on these facts, it is advisable to establish a system for the prevalence of asymptomatic Plasmodium carriers among blood donors and to eliminate malaria after a blood transfusion.</p> Aïkou Nicolas, Oubri Bassa Gbati, Rock Allister. Lapo, Ahoyo. Angèle Théodora, Cyriaque Degbey, Aïkou Nadine Lucrèce. Mirèze, Aïkou Arielle Nadège Emérentienne, Lydie Zannou, Ibrahim Alkoare, Edorh Patrick ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 11 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Age Groups and Haemoglobin Genotypes Influence Malaria Occurrence among Patients in Sokoto Specialist Hospital, Sokoto State, Nigeria <p>A study on the occurrence of malaria among patients of different sexes, age groups and haemoglobin genotypes was conducted among 440 patients reported in Sokoto Specialist Hospital during the period of May to December, 2019. Blood samples were collected from each of the subjects with their consent, and then, thick and thin blood films were prepared and stained. Results showed that 304/440 (69.09%) patients were positive for malaria, with no significant difference between males 150/210 (71.43%) and females 154/230 (66.96%). But a positive correlation (P&lt;0.05) in malaria infection was observed among different age groups; age group 0-5 years (76.08%) showed highest prevalence, while age group &gt;45 years (51.85%) had the lowest prevalence. Subjects with haemoglobin genotype AA were found to be significantly more (P&lt;0.05) susceptible to malaria (80.13%) compared to AS (51.16%) and SS (23.81%) genotypes. To conclude, the study revealed a high prevalence of malarial infection in the study area. The results of the study would help for public education and develop strategies to prevent and control malaria in the region.</p> S. Y. Lema, A. Kabiru, M. A. Yahaya, A. S. Fana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 15 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitosis in the Pediatrics Department at the Hospital of Zone Saint Jean De Dieu De Tanguieta (Hz Sjdt) Atacora (Republic of Benin, West Africa) <p><strong>Aims:</strong> The general objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis in children consulting in pediatrics at the Saint Jean de Dieu Hospital in Tanguiéta.</p> <p><strong>Patients and Methods:</strong> Parasitological examination of stool was performed in 121 children.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Of the subjects examined, 92 were carriers of one or more parasites, for an overall infestation index of 76.03% (CI = 85.95%). Parasitism occurs from a young age (0 to 5 years) where it is 85.87% and then progressively decreases with age. The intestinal parasites encountered were in decreasing order of frequency: <em>Giardia lamblia </em>(39.42%), <em>Entamoeba histolytica (</em>25.96%), <em>Entamoeba coli (</em>11.54%), <em>Trichomonas intestinalis (</em>10.58%), <em>Hookworm</em> (4.81%), <em>Strongyloides stercoralis </em>and <em>Hymenolepis nana </em>(2.88%), <em>Schistosoma mansoni(</em>1.92%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> In view of these results, it appears necessary to promote measures to reduce parasitism by intestinal protozoa and to prevent the spread of helminthiases.</p> Aïkou Nicolas, Olounlade Pascal, Cyriaque Degbey, Ahoyo A. Theodora, Lydie Zannou, Gnangle B. Rosen, Oubri Bassa Gbati, L. M. Aïkou Nadine, N. E. Arielle Aikou Arielle ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 25 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000